There was no evidence to suggest a dose–response relationship for

There was no evidence to suggest a dose–response relationship for the risk of hip/femur fracture with TCA use. Table 4 Current use of SSRIs and TCAs and the risk of hip/femur fracture by average daily dose Average daily dose (DDD) Cases Controls Crude OR 95% CI Adjusted ORc 95% CI Current SSRI usea  One prescription before the index date 16 30 2.15 1.17–3.96 1.72 0.92–3.21  Low (<0.5) 22 47 1.88 1.13–3.13 1.50 0.89–2.53  Medium (0.5–1.0) 77 95 3.40 2.51–4.62 2.77 2.03–3.80  High (>1.0) 85 115 3.08 2.31–4.09 BAY 57-1293 clinical trial 2.49 1.86–3.34 Current TCA useb  One prescription before the index date 12

21 2.39 1.17–4.86 1.95 0.94–4.06  Low (<0.5) 95 186 2.13 1.66–2.74 1.73 1.33–2.24  Medium (0.5–1.0) 53 91 2.41 1.71–3.38 1.82 1.28–2.58  High (>1.0) 12 25 1.99 1.00–3.97 1.35 0.66–2.79 aReferent: never exposed to SSRIs bReferent: never exposed to TCAs cAdjustments were made for the confounders listed in the footnote of Table 3 Table 5 presents the results of analyses amongst all anti-depressant users, where current

users were grouped according to the degree of 5-HTT inhibition afforded by the different drugs. The risk of hip/femur fracture increased as the degree of 5-HTT inhibition increased from ORadj 1.64 [95% CI Doxorubicin datasheet 1.14–2.35] for drugs with low 5-HTT inhibition to ORadj 2.31 [95% CI 1.94–2.76] for those with high 5-HTT inhibiting properties. Users of anti-depressants with stronger anti-cholinergic properties, or a strong potential to induce orthostatic hypotension, did not have higher risks of hip fracture compared to users of anti-depressants with weaker properties (data not shown). Table 5 Risk of hip/femur fracture by degree of serotonin (5-HT) transporter inhibition   Cases Reverse transcriptase (n = 6,763) Controls

(n = 26,341) Adjusted ORa 95% CI Never exposed 5,677 23,698 Referent – Past use (>90 days before the index date) 506 1,514 1.19 1.76–2.29 Recent use (31–90 days before the index date) 158 404 1.32 1.09–1.61 Current use (1–30 days before the index date) 422 725 2.01 1.76–1.29  Low 5-HT transporter inhibition 46 102 1.64 1.14–2.35  Medium 5-HT transporter inhibition 132 241 1.92 1.53–2.40  High 5-HT transporter inhibition 234 358 2.31 1.94–2.76  Not classified 10 24 1.44 0.67–3.04 aAdjustments were made for the confounders listed in the footnote of Table 3 Discussion This study has demonstrated an increased risk hip/femur fracture for current users of SSRIs and TCAs. For both SSRIs and TCAs, the increased risk declined rapidly about 6 months after discontinuation of use. Fracture risk associated with SSRIs and TCAs was the greatest during the first few months of use and an elevated risk persisted with continuous use of SSRIs. We found some evidence for a dose effect with SSRIs but not TCAs.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>