The above results illustrate that motivation plays an important role in tracking EE and EI. Using an experimental design, this empirical study found that EB knowledge was moderate in both pre- and post-measurements. The results are consistent with previous research that there is a need for EB knowledge promotion in adolescence.4 and 7 Although there was an increase in EB knowledge over the week, the increase did not significantly favor those in the experimental group. Thus, it is concluded that the SWA and diet journal alone were not sufficient for promoting sixth graders’ EB knowledge,
at least during a very short period of time of monitoring (1 week). The modest results may also be due to the limited amount of informational feedback provided
to the participants. Providing additional feedback or building the results more directly into the curriculum may help PI3K Inhibitor Library cell assay in promoting adolescents’ awareness of EB. Previous large-scaled educational interventions in both community-based26 and school-based programs21 proved to be effective in promoting children and/or adolescents’ health-related knowledge. For example, Sun et al.21 conducted a large-scaled curriculum intervention among 5717 third, fourth, and fifth grade students in 30 schools. It was found that children who experienced the innovative curriculum learned more and at a faster rate the knowledge about health-related fitness and nutrition compared to their counterparts who received a control nearly curriculum.21 Future intervention LY294002 molecular weight studies that use the SWA and diet journal to promote EB knowledge should consider incorporating the two tools into focused, coherent curriculum and instruction to reap significant treatment results. The experience of utilizing the SWA and diet journal seemed effective in enticing and retaining the adolescents’ motivation (high mean values except for
total interest and perceived enjoyment) which, in turn, exerted an impact on energy tracking outcomes. The adolescents started with relatively high situational interest (mean >4 on a 5-point scale) but then gradually leveled off (especially for total interest and perceived enjoyment). More importantly, exploration intention, a particular construct of situational interest, was found to be negatively correlated with EI. This result is interesting if it is interpreted along with the fact that the adolescents utilized the SWA more persistently than the diet journal. The combined results imply that the adolescents may be more attracted to explore the features of the SWA for tracking EE than to explore the diet journal for tracking EI. Motivation researchers asserted that motivation energy can be channeled toward different directions or purposes.