Since mortality is very high at the beginning of dialysis, it may

Since mortality is very high at the beginning of dialysis, it may be thought that there is no rationale to begin dialysis on the sole level of GFR evaluated from serum creatinine concentration. The ongoing CKD-REIN study in France, which is part of the international Chronic Kidney Disease Outcomes & Practice Patterns Study (CKDopps) will bring important information on biological markers and their

predictive power, as well as best practices, based on international comparisons. 1. Rapport annuel Volasertib price 2011. Agence de la biomédecine. Agence de la Biomédecine; 2013 Jul pp. 1–297. 2. Robinson BM, Zhang J, Morgenstern H, Bradbury BD, Ng LJ, McCullough KP, et al. Worldwide, mortality risk is high soon after initiation of hemodialysis. Kidney Int. 2014 Jan;85(1):158–165. COOPER BRUCE Department of Renal Medicine Royal North Shore Hospital, Australia HWANG SHANG-JYH Faculty

of Medicine & Renal Care, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University; Nephrology Division, Department of Medicine, KMU Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan Through the National Health Insurance, all the ESRD patients initiating maintenance dialysis must apply for an approval of Dialysis in Major Catastrophic Diseases, which is reviewed by two nephrologists based on the criteria of absolute indications for dialysis of either creatinine clearance less Selleck AP24534 than 5 ml/min or serum Cr greater than 10 mg/dl, and relative indications of either Ccr less than 15 ml/min or serum greater than 6.0 mg/dl in diabetics, and either Ccr less than 10 ml/min or serum Cr greater than 8 mg/dl in non-diabetics, when patients have conditions of life-threatening and/or severe impaired quality of life, such as consciousness disturbance, hyperkalemia, fluid overload, or flank uremic symptoms/signs. A national database Thymidine kinase including 23,551 incident hemodialysis patients from July 2001 to December 2004. The median eGFR at dialysis initiation

was low (4.7 ml/min/1.73 m2) as was the mortality in the first year of dialysis (13.2/100 patient-year, 95% C.I.: 12.8-13.7). There was an inverse association between lower eGFR and higher survival rate. Cox regression model revealed increase in mortality risk in higher eGFR quantiles compared to the reference group after adjustement. Propensity score analysis also showed higher eGFR associated with increased mortality risks. Thus, conditions at dialysis initiation explained excess risk differently on one year mortality in patients who began dialysis at different levels of eGFR. However, there are still other factors contributing to the mortality of patients initiating dialysis at higher eGFR levels. We concluded that Initiation of dialysis should not solely depend on a level of renal function, but would be better based on the individual patient’s comorbidity and under local regulations.

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