Ninety-three per cent had aortic VC at commencement and 87% showe

Ninety-three per cent had aortic VC at commencement and 87% showed progression. At 18 months, there was significantly less aortic VC progression with LC than CC (adjusted difference

−98.1 (−149.4, −46.8) Hounsfield units (HU), P < 0.001). There was also a non-significant reduction with LC in left SFA VC (−25.8 (−67.7, 16.1) HU, P = 0.2) and right SFA VC (−35.9 (−77.8, 5.9) HU, P = 0.09). There was no difference in lumbar spine BMD and serum phosphate, calcium and parathyroid hormone levels between groups. Limitations to the study see more include small sample size and loss to follow up. Conclusions:  Lanthanum carbonate was associated with reduced progression of aortic calcification compared with CC in HD patients over 18 months. “
“Background:  Mortality associated with dialysis and transplantation is well characterized. Less well described are hospital separation rates for “non-renal”

diagnoses among people receiving kidney replacement therapy (KRT = haemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis and kidney transplantation). We examined these rates among Australians receiving KRT. Methods:  Observational study based on Australian National Hospital Morbidity Database, incorporating Australian public and private hospitals. Separations from this dataset were examined for 2002–7, excluding day-only haemodialysis. ICD (International Classification of Disease) codes were used to identify separations for people receiving chronic Aspartate KRT. Separations categorized into “renal” and “non-renal” by principal diagnosis. Separation rate, admission length and in-hospital BVD-523 nmr mortality were compared with

the general population. Results:  Overall hospital separation rate (adjusted for age and gender) was increased relative to the general population for all groups: for HD patients, relative rate (RR) was 4.49 [95% confidence interval 4.460–4.53]; for PD patients 5.52 [5.460–5.59]; for transplant recipients 4.83 [4.20–4.28] (all p < 0.001). When restricted to separations with a “non-renal” principal diagnosis, the excess remained among KRT groups: HD adjusted RR 2.20 [2.170–2.22], PD 2.00 [1.950–2.04] and transplants 2.63 [2.600–2.66], all p < 0.001). The length and in-hospital mortality for separations in each KRT group was also increased. By ICD-10 chapter, rates of separations with infectious and metabolic causes were increased in all KRT groups; separations with circulatory and respiratory causes were also increased. Conclusion:  Among people receiving KRT in Australia, there is a substantial burden of morbidity in addition to that directly related to KRT. This is most marked for infective, endocrine and circulatory and respiratory hospitalisations. "
“KHA-CARI has been developing guidelines de novo for an Australian & New Zealand target audience since 1999. KDIGO was set up in 2002 to explore the possibility of developing international chronic kidney disease (CKD) guidelines.

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