For selectivity performance, the sensors were LOXO-101 cell line also tested toward C2H5OH, CO, H2S, and NO2 at 1,000 ppm. Results and discussion Particles and sensing film properties The XRD pattern of 1.00 mol% Au/ZnO NPs as shown in Figure 2a reveals that the nanoparticle is highly crystalline and has the hexagonal structure of ZnO according to JCPDS no. 89–1397. Au peaks are also found in these patterns and well matched with a face-centered cubic phase of Au (JCPDS file no. 89–3697 ). The XRD patterns of P3HT and P3HT:1.00 mol% Au/ZnO NPs composite sensing films coated on Au/Al2O3 substrates in Figure 2b indicate the presence of the P3HT monoclinic crystal (the JCPDS no. 48–2040),
the hexagonal ZnO phase of the NPs, a fcc phase of Au (JCPDS file no. 89–3697 ), and a corundum phase of Al2O3 (JCPDS file no. 88–0826 ). It can be seen that Au peaks of the hybrid film are relatively pronounced compared with those of 1.00 mol% check details Au/ZnO NPs. These observed Au peaks are mainly attributed to the click here diffraction from the interdigitated Au electrode, which almost completely overrides the very weak diffraction from Au loaded on ZnO NPs. Figure 2 XRD patterns. (a) 1.00 mol% Au/ZnO NPs. (b) Sensing films of P3HT:1.00 mol% Au/ZnO NPs in difference ratio. The specific surface area of the unloaded ZnO and 1.00 mol% Au/ZnO NPs was measured by nitrogen absorption using BET analysis. It was found that the specific surface area (SSABET) of unloaded ZnO and 1.00 mol% Au/ZnO NPs is about 86.3 and 100 m2 g-1, respectively. The corresponding BET equivalent particle diameters (d BET) of unloaded ZnO and 1.00 mol% Au/ZnO NPs are calculated to be about 10 and 9 nm, respectively. Thus, 1.00 mol% Lepirudin Au loading on ZnO NPs increases the specific surface area by 15% and reduces the particle diameter by about 10%. HR-TEM images of unloaded ZnO and 1.00 mol% Au/ZnO NPs in Figure 3 show spherical nanoparticles along with a few nanorods having a size in the range of 5 to 15 nm. For Au-loaded ZnO (Figure 3b), smaller spherical NPs with an average diameter of approximately 1.5 nm are clearly observed on the surface
of ZnO as the darker spots as indicated in the figure. These NPs are confirmed to be Au NPs on ZnO support by EDX analysis in mapping mode (data not shown). The observed particle diameters by HR-TEM are in the same range as BET data. The observed smaller Au nanoparticle diameter of approximately 1.5 explains the result that the average BET nanoparticle diameter becomes smaller with Au loading as the average particle size will be reduced by the contribution of smaller particles. Figure 3 HR-TEM bright-field image. (a) Unloaded ZnO. (b) 1.00 mol% Au/ZnO NPs. Figure 4 shows FE-SEM images of P3HT and P3HT:1.00 mol% Au/ZnO NPs composite sensing films with the ratios of 4:1, 2:1, and 1:2 deposited on Al2O3 substrates with interdigitated Au electrodes.