Endogenous AML1/ETO derived from the Kasumi-1 cell line nuclear extract Cyclopamine price binds physically to the AML1 core enhancer-binding sequence, TGTGGT, derived from the survivin promotor. Knockdown of survivin
expression by shRNA in ectopically expressed AML1/ETO myeloid leukemia cell lines restores expression of C/EBP alpha, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor receptor, and MPO genes, which leads to their growth arrest and granulocytic differentiation.\n\nConclusions. Our results demonstrate that survivin gene acts as a critical mediator of AML1/ETO-induced late oncogeneic events. (c) 2008 ISEH – Society for Hematology and Stem Cells. Published by Elsevier Inc.”
“In order to simulate the hydrogen bonding and proton transfer (PT) in protein-DNA/RNA interactions, a series of simplified models were employed and investigated in the gas phase. These models included various neutral, anionic and cationic glycine-uracil dimers, and their methylated derivatives generated by the mono- or dimethylation of glycine and/or uracil moieties of the dimer. The results reveal that the only process that PFTα can occur in the neutral complexes
is a double-PT process leading to proton exchange between the two moieties (i.e., point mutation). The first methyl substitute can reduce the activation energy of the PT process and thus promote the isomerization of the two moieties; further methylation can reduce the isomerization in only some of the cases. In the anionic complexes, only the one-way PT (i.e., amino acid buy Z-IETD-FMK -> nucleic acid base) process is energetically favorable, and this PT process is an interesting barrier-free one (BFPT), with the attached electron locating itself at the base moiety. Methylation will disfavor BFPT, but it cannot alter the nature of BFPT. In the cationic complexes, three different PT processes can occur. These processes
can transform mutually by adjusting either or both of the methylated sites and methyl number, indicating that the methylation can regulate the dynamics of these PT processes.”
“Brain aggregates (BrnAggs) derived from fetal mouse brains contain mature neurons and glial cells. We determined that BrnAggs are consistently infected with Rocky Mountain Laboratory scrapie strain prions and produce increasing levels of the pathogenic form of the prion protein (PrPSc). Their abundant dendrites undergo degeneration shortly after prion infection. Treatment of prion-infected BrnAggs with drugs, such as a F-secretase inhibitors and quinacrine (Qa), which stop PrPSc formation and dendritic degeneration, mirrors the results from rodent studies. Because PrPSc is trafficked into lysosomes by endocytosis and autophagosomes by phagocytosis in neurons of prion strain-infected BrnAggs, we studied the effects of drugs that modulate subcellular trafficking.