Anesthesiology 1978, 49:233–236 PubMedCrossRef 23 Wolters U, Wol

Anesthesiology 1978, 49:233–236.PubMedCrossRef 23. Wolters U, Wolf T, Stützer H, Schröder T, Pichlmaier H: Risk factors, complications, and outcome in surgery: a multivariate analysis. Eur J Surg 1997, 163:563–568.PubMed Competing interests The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests. Authors’ contributions SM, RP, SW, RK contributed check details to study design. DH built a custom database for data acquisition. JP performed data acquisition, initial analysis, and wrote the initial draft manuscript. SM performed data analysis and wrote the final manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.”
“Introduction Falls are the second most common cause of injury-associated mortality worldwide and an important type

of blunt trauma which form a significant percentage of traumatic accidents and emergency department admissions [1, 2]. Injuries due to falls are largely affected by the height of fall since the velocity and mass of the object determine the kinetic energy which the object gains during fall and is in turn converted to action-reaction forces at the time of impact so as the height increases injury of trauma due to falls

becomes more severe although much lesser degree of fall injuries may lead to serious Selleckchem CRT0066101 morbidity and mortality [3]. In rural areas where the agriculture is at the forefront, falls from trees constitute a different form of falls from height and as some trees possess unique biological features the severity of injury gains intensity like Selleck H 89 walnut trees [4, 5]. Despite the fact that Turkey is one of the countries considered the homeland of walnut, there is only one study from our country about traumas associated with falls from walnut tree [6] and curiously enough, there were only a few studies in the literature worldwide about this topic (Table 1). Table 1 Details of the studies about falls from walnut tree in literature

  n Spinal Chest Abdominal Head Extremity Mortality     N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%) (%) Fracture patterns resulting from falls from walnut trees in Kashmir By D.G. Nabi et al. 120 45 (37.5) 1 (0.8) 1 (0.8) 13 (9) 75 (52.9)   Fall from walnut tree: an occupational hazard by Syed Amin et al. 87 39 (44.8) 21 (24.1) 15 (17.2) 41 (47.1) 23 (26.4) 24.13 Pattern of spine fractures after falling from walnut trees by Seyyed Amirhossein et al. 50 50 (100)     Succinyl-CoA     5 (10) Walnut tree falls as a cause of musculoskeletal injury- a study from a tertiary care center in Kashmir by Asif Nazir et al. 115 52 (45.2) 10 (8.6) 14 (12.1) 34 (29.5) 91 (79)   Abdominal injury from walnut tree fall. Scientific reports by Imtiaz Wani et al 72 13 (18) 5 (6.9) 17 (23.6) 7 (9.7) 40 (55.5) 5.5 Pattern of trauma related to walnut harvesting and suggested preventive measures by Mudassir M. Wani et al 106 28 (26) 22 (20.7) 8 (7.5) 12 (11.3 90 (84) 5.6 This study aimed to analysis the injuries caused by falls from walnut tree and assess their mortality and morbidity risk.

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