Accordingly, we measured protein expression of SAP97, GRIP1, and

Accordingly, we measured protein expression of SAP97, GRIP1, and NSF in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and found an increase in the expression of SAP97 and GRIP1 in schizophrenia. To determine the subcellular localization of AMPA receptor subunits, we developed Selleckchem MK-4827 a technique to isolate early endosomes from post-mortem tissue. We found increased

GluR1 receptor subunit protein in early endosomes in subjects with schizophrenia. Together, these data suggest that there is an alteration of forward trafficking of AMPA receptors as well as changes in the subcellular localization of an AMPA receptor subunit in schizophrenia. Neuropsychopharmacology (2010) 35, 2110-2119; doi: 10.1038/npp.2010.87; published online 23 June 2010″
“This study proposes a validation strategy for an automated extraction procedure, followed by RT-qPCR analysis. To avoid false-negative results, a triplex RT-qPCR was used which detects the target viral RNA, an internal and an external control. The methods to determine the validation parameters such as linearity, efficiency, analytical sensitivity, analytical specificity and intra- and interrun variability are described in detail. Special attention is given to the analytical sensitivity, which is determined by probit analysis. The limit of detection was set

at the input concentration resulting in a positive result in 95% of the repeats. The Selleckchem E7080 intra-

and interrun variability was analysed DOK2 profoundly by testing samples covering a broad range of viral loads, from strong positive to weak positive. To increase the diagnostic capacity, the extraction protocol was automated with a JANUS Automated Workstation (PerkinElmer, Waltham, MA), which can extract 186 samples in 2 h and 30 min. The automation of the extraction protocol implied some additional validation parameters to be determined such as position-effect, absence of cross-contamination and comparison with the manual protocol. These parameters give essential information about the performance of the robot and are of great importance when the automated assay is used in an accreditation system. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“Successful treatment of drug addiction is hampered by high relapse rates during periods of abstinence. Neuroadaptation in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) is thought to have a crucial role in vulnerability to relapse to drug seeking, but the molecular and cellular mechanisms remain largely unknown. To identify protein changes that contribute to relapse susceptibility, we investigated synaptic membrane fractions from the mPFC of rats that underwent 21 days of forced abstinence following heroin self-administration.

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