2736 strains after irradiation

with 60, 80, 100 and 120 keV/μm (LETs) and 60 MeV/u (energy) 12C6+-ions are compared. (D) Surviving fraction of D. natronolimnaea svgcc1.2736 strains after irradiation with 60, 80, 100 and 120 keV/μm (LETs) and 90 MeV/u (energy) 12C6+-ions are compared. Interpretation of the parameter fitting RBE/LET dependencies in this study indicating an increased RBE is not unique for carbon ions of charged particle radiation. The RBE values derived from the survival curves support the known dependence of RBE on LET, particle species and dose [36]. For 12C6+ ions, the transportation safety technologies this website (TST)-calculated RBE/LET dependencies gradually increase with increasing LET until they reach a maximum value, after which they slowly decrease [37]. The dependencies rely strongly on the particular physical characteristics of the ion beam determined for example by the energy and LET of the particles

under consideration [38]. This is demonstrated in Figure 1 (A, B, C and D), where survival curves of D. natronolimnaea svgcc1.2736 cells after irradiation with 60, buy LB-100 80, 100 and 120 keV μm-1 (LET) and 30, 45, 60 and 90 MeV u-1 (energies) 12C6+ ions are compared. Each survival curve has been constructed using a linear-quadratic model [39]. RBE decreases with increasing particle energy [40], and the same increased ionization density should hold true for all cell types [41]. Because the 12C6+ ions have a higher energy for any given LET, lower energy density and thus lower RBE NU7026 concentration result. One must bear Roflumilast in mind, however, that high ionization densities will lead to more extensive damage that is more difficult to repair. Cellular defects arising from damage repair may not necessarily translate into increased effectiveness because even simple damage is not always repairable by the cell [42, 43]. Survival data of the D. natronolimnaea svgcc1.2736 cells were plotted using a logarithmic function of the surviving fraction versus dose. For comparison purposes the curves were represented mathematically, based on hypothetical models for the mechanisms associated with lethality.

Interpretation of the shape of the survival curve is still in question, as is the best way to mathematically present these types of data sets. The interpretation of the shape of the cell survival curve is still debated, as is the best way to fit these types of data mathematically. As already indicated in Figure 1A-D, after reaching a maximum at 120 keV μm-1 surviving fraction not further increases, but instead decreases towards higher dose values. For the 12C6+ heavy ion irradiation (A dose of ≥2.5 Gy for ≥45 MeV u-1) surviving fraction values as low as 1% are observed. The strain cells survival as a function of dose follows almost exponential behaviour, and thus survival curves are generally shown in Figure 1A-D.