Multivariable https://www.selleckchem.com/products/prn1371.html Firth logistic regression analysis was performed to determine predictors independently
associated with subsequent MRAB bacteremia. Results: During the study period, subsequent MRAB bacteremia was observed in 18.8% of patients (21/112). Of the 112 patients, 23 (20.5%) did not show systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). None of the 23 patients without SIRS presented with subsequent MRAB bacteremia. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that prior administration of carbapenems (odds ratio (OR) 7.04, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.43-34.77) or corticosteroids (OR 6.67, 95% CI 1.19-37.44), and C-reactive protein >= 40 mg/l (OR 18.11, 95% CI 2.22-148.07) were positive predictive factors. Prior acquisition of MRAB at a site other than the catheter (OR 0.10, 95% CI 0.03-0.39) was a negative predictive factor for developing MRAB bacteremia. Conclusions: Our results suggest that patients with a CVC tip colonized with MRAB should be closely monitored
for signs and symptoms of subsequent MRAB bacteremia.”
“Background: Mycobacterium tuberculosis www.selleckchem.com/products/sbi-0206965.html (TB) is a rare cause of prosthetic joint infection. The purpose of this study was to provide an evidence-based summarization of the outcomes of TB infection after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with a pooled analysis of the reported cases. Methods: We conducted a systematic review of published studies that have evaluated the outcomes of prosthetic knee joint infections due to TB. A structured literature review of multiple databases referenced articles from January 1950 to July 2012. Results: A total of
15 patients were identified from 13 published studies. Tuberculosis was confirmed in selleck compound all cases by histological examination and positive culture or histochemical stain/polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Treatment consisted of anti-tuberculosis medication therapy (AMT) only in 2 patients, AMT plus debridement and retention of the arthroplasty in 5 patients, and AMT plus removal/exchange of the arthroplasty in 8 patients. The average follow-up after TB infection was 29 months (range 1-96 months) and there were 3 deaths, giving a crude death rate of 0.7 per 100 person-months. At the final follow-up, the outcomes of TB infection after TKA were good except in the 3 patients who died. Conclusions: TB infection after TKA is a rare disease, however good clinical outcomes can be achieved with proper management including AMT and surgical intervention.”
“Background: The aim of this study was to better understand methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) at the molecular level by investigating the genotypic characteristics and evolutionary patterns of MRSA clones in Shenyang, China.