, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 76: 7261 (2010). Figures 3d and 13. Fig. 13 Trichoderma parareesei. a Pustules. b–h Conidiophores and phialides
(Arrows in e, h show intercalary phialides). i. Conidia.. j. Chlamydospores. All from SNA. a, d, e from G.J.S. 10–168; b, f, g, i from G.J.S. 07–26; c, from G.J.S. 04–41; h, j from G.J.S. 04–250. Scale bars: a = 0.5 mm; b–d, j = 20 μm; e–i = 10 μm Teleomorph: none known Ex-type culture: C.P.K. 717 = CBS 125925 = TUB F-1066 Typical sequences: ITS HM466668 (G.J.S. 04–41), CCI-779 nmr tef1 GQ354353 Trichoderma parareesei is sister to H. jecorina/T. reesei in a clade that includes also T. gracile (Druzhinina et al. 2012). Trichoderma parareesei is a pantropical/subtropical clonal species that shares a common ancestor with the holomorphic T. reesei (H. jecorina teleomorph).
Following is a redescription of T. parareesei based on newly discovered American collections: Optimum temperature for growth on PDA (Difco) and SNA 30–35°C; P-gp inhibitor on PDA and SNA slightly faster at 35°C, completely filling a 9-cm-diam Petri plate within 48–72 h; on SNA filling a 9-cm-diam Petri within 96 h at 25–35°C. Conidia forming on PDA within 48 h at 25–35°C; on SNA within 72–96 h, rarely as early as 48 h. An often intense yellow pigment diffusing on PDA within (48–)72 h at 25–35°C. After one wk on PDA at 25°C under light a 9-cm-diam Petri plate completely filled with yellow-green conidia in a dense lawn in a few obscure concentric rings; on SNA conidia forming in a few obscure concentric rings in the aerial mycelium and in minute, often confluent, cottony pustules; individual conidiophores visible within pustules, pustules lacking sterile hairs or long protruding, terminally fertile conidiophores. Pustules formed of intertwined hyphae. Conidiophores arising along hyphae of the pustule, typically comprising a
long central axis with up to several levels of solitary AZD6738 supplier phialides before Hydroxychloroquine commencement of lateral branching; lateral branches often comprising a single cell terminated by a single phialide or up to ca. four cells in length with solitary phialides arising near the tip and single cells terminated by a solitary phialide toward the base at the main axis; intercalary phialides common (Fig. 13e, f, h). Phialides (n = 150) lageniform, swollen or not at the middle, straight, less frequently sinuous, asymmetric or hooked, (3.2–)5.7–9.0(−13.0) μm long, (2.0–)2.5–3.2(−4.0) μm at the widest point, L/W = (1.1–)2.0–3.2(−5.0), base (1.0–)1.5–2.5(−3.2) μm, arising from a cell (1.5–)2.2–3.2(−4.5) μm wide. Intercalary phialides common. Conidia (n = 191) ellipsoidal to oblong, (3.2–)3.7–4.7(−6.2) × (1.7–)2.5–3.0(−3.5) μm, L/W = (1.2–)1.4–1.8(−2.7) (95% ci: 4.1–4.2 × 2.5–2.6 μm, L/W = 1.5–1.6), green, smooth. Chlamydospores not common, subglobose to pyriform, mainly terminal.