The treatment of CD34 positive cells selleck products with NGF showed the synergistic effects with the SCF treat ment on colony formation. Inhibitors,Modulators,Libraries For mast cell culture in vitro, bone marrow cells are cultivated for 4 6 weeks in the presence of SCF, interleukin 3 and IL4. We examined whether mouse primary mast cells can survive in the presence of NGF, or NGF and IL3 IL4 in the absence Inhibitors,Modulators,Libraries of SCF. Under these conditions mouse mast cells did not survive in the absence of SCF. These data suggest that NGF does not assume the role of SCF in normal mast cells. According to PANTHER analysis, the difference of gene upregulation of cytokines, growth factors, and their receptors between SCF and NGF stimulation is significant, suggesting that upregula tion of cytokines and their receptors play a role in survi val of normal mast cells.
In agreement with these data, few genes encoding cytokines their receptors in PC12 cells were upregulated 24 h after NGF treatment, suggesting that NGF poorly induces cytokine and growth factor genes in different cell types. It has been shown that STAT5 is required for c Kit mediated mast cell survival and differentiation. Inhibitors,Modulators,Libraries Although NGF does not induce tyrosine phosphorylation of STATs, HMC 1 cells survive by NGF sti mulation without c Kit signaling. Thereby our array data provide novel candidate genes, KLF2, SMAD7, PBX2, and HOXB8 which are induced by NGF TrkA activation in hematopoietic cells, and have not been reported as NGF target genes in the PC12 cell system.
On the other hand, Inhibitors,Modulators,Libraries another known target gene of NGF treatment in PC12 cells, wingless related MMTV integration site 7B was not upregulated by NGF treatment in HMC 1 cells, suggesting that Wnt7b may be a specific target gene for NGF signaling in neuronal cells. These data indicate that most NGF upregulated genes were common, but some of them may be cell type specific. However, we cannot presently rule out the possi bility that the difference of upregulated genes is due to differences between human and rat cells. Interestingly, KLF2, SMAD7, PBX2, and HOXB8 are suggested to be involved in self renewal or in anti differentiation signal of stem cells or hematopoietic stem cells. We show here that KLF2 modu lates imatinib mediate apoptosis. Along Inhibitors,Modulators,Libraries the same line, it has been shown that KLF2 deficient T cells had a spon taneously activated phenotype and died rapidly from Fas ligand induced apoptosis, and induction of KLF2 expression corresponded with long term T cell survival, suggesting that KLF2 plays a role in T cell survival.
Furthermore, KLF2 embryos have a signifi cantly increased number of primitive erythroid cells undergoing apoptotic cell death. These data suggest that the upregulation of the KLF2 gene induced by the sti mulation with NGF plays a role in the survival signal in imatinib treated HMC kinase inhibitor Sunitinib 1 cells.