6 g/100 g) was significantly
higher than the adrenal gland weight of the Wistar group (10.0 ± 0.6 g/100 g) (Fig. 1B). In the panoramic histopathological analysis, the adrenal medulla was apparently normal in both groups of rats (Fig. 2A and B). In Fig. 2C and D are illustrated the cortical layers of Wistar rats and WARs, respectively. In the fasciculate layer of the cortical adrenal gland we observed hyperplasia and intensive capillary ingurgitation associated to a marked vacuolization of the fasciculata cells in WARs (Fig. 2E and F). Histological morphometry revealed a significant increase in adrenal medullar area in WARs when compared with Wistar rats (2.745 ± 0.392 mm2 vs. 1.443 ± 0.405 mm2), (Fig. 3A). Quantification of the cortical layers also demonstrated a significant increase in the fasciculate layer thickness in WARs when compared with Wistar rats Venetoclax solubility dmso (831.2 ± 66.1 μm vs. 533.0 ± 34.1 μm), with no significant difference in either reticularis or glomerulosa layers in both groups of rats (Fig. 3B) Plasma corticosterone values in basal conditions and after restraint stress were 1.4 ± 0.4 μg/dl and 30.1 ± 1.4 μg/dl, respectively, in WARs and 0.6 ± 0.1 μg/dl and 32.1 ± 1.7 μg/dl, respectively, in Wistar rats (Fig. 4A). Plasma ACTH values in basal conditions and after restraint stress
were 30.9 ± 6.1 pg/ml and 632.0 ± 50.5 pg/ml, respectively, in WARs and 23.8 ± 3.9 pg/ml and 468.9 ± 33.8 pg/ml, respectively, in Wistar rats (Fig. 4B). Compared to basal conditions, there was an increase in plasma corticosterone and ACTH levels after
restraint in both groups. There was no difference in corticosterone responses to stress between WARs and Wistar; however, plasma this website ACTH levels after stress were higher (p < 0.01) in WARs as compared to Wistar rats. Plasma corticosterone values in basal conditions at 8 a.m. and 8 p.m. were 0.7 ± 0.1 μg/dl and 6.1 ± 1.4 μg/dl, respectively, in WARs and 0.7 ± 0.1 μg/dl and 17.4 ± 2.6 μg/dl, respectively, in Wistar rats (Fig. 5A). Plasma ACTH values in basal conditions at 8 a.m. and 8 p.m. were 20.5 ± 4.9 pg/ml and 25.7 ± 3.4 pg/ml, respectively, in WARs and 33.7 ± 5.6 pg/ml and 73.4 ± 9.9 pg/ml, respectively, in Wistar rats (Fig. 5B). There was no circadian variation of plasma ACTH Endonuclease levels in WARs. Plasma corticosterone values after ACTH stimulus were significantly higher in WARs (19.0 ± 3.6 μg/dl) as compared with Wistar rats (9.2 ± 0.9 μg/dl) (Fig. 6). We demonstrated differences between Wistar rats and WARs in body growth and alterations in responses to activation of the HPA axis. We observed that Wistar control rats have a higher body weight than WARs. Although smaller than Wistar, WARs showed higher adrenal gland weight. Histopathology and morphometric analysis showed a significant increase in the adrenal cortical fasciculate layer in WARs, which is consistent with the functional alterations found in the HPA axis, such as higher glucocorticoid release after ACTH stimulus in WARs.